COVID-19 Information

Last updated: 11/28/2022

The CDC’s Order requiring proof of vaccination for non-U.S. citizen nonimmigrants to travel to the United States is still in effect.  For more information see Requirement for Proof of COVID-19 Vaccination for Air Passengers.

 Check the CDC website for additional information and Frequently Asked Questions.

Entry and Exit Requirements for Brazil

  • Are there COVID-related entry requirements for U.S. citizens?  YES
    • For details on COVID-related travel restrictions in Brazil, please review Brazil’s September 12, 2022 government announcement outlining COVID-related entry and exit requirements.
    • While Brazil’s COVID-19 entry regulations no longer require proof of vaccination, the CDC recommends that U.S. citizens not travel internationally until they are fully vaccinated.   
  • Is a negative COVID-19 test (PCR and/or antigen) required for entry? YES, but only for those who are unvaccinated. (See below for details.)  
  • Are health screening procedures in place at airports and other ports of entry? YES 

To enter Brazil, travelers age 12 and older must present proof of COVID-19 vaccination or a negative COVID-19 test as described below:

  1. Fully Vaccinated Travelers must present proof of COVID-19 vaccination as follows:

    • Before boarding, travelers must present proof of their vaccination status (electronic or printed) to the airline responsible for their flight. 
    • The vaccine must be approved by the World Health Organization or by relevant health authorities in the country where the vaccine was administered.
    • Proof of vaccination may be in English, Portuguese, or Spanish, and must include the manufacturer’s name, the lot number, and the date of the dose(s). (Proof of vaccination only in QR-code format or other coded language will not be accepted.)
    • COVID-19 recovery certificates will not be accepted in lieu of proof of full vaccination.
    • To be considered fully vaccinated, the traveler must have received the final dose of the vaccine at least 14 days prior to boarding.
  2. Unvaccinated Travelers must present negative COVID-19 Tests Results as follows:

    • The COVID-19 test must be a laboratory test (RT-PCR) or antigen test for screening for infection by SARS-CoV-2, with a negative/non-reactive result, performed within one day of boarding; 
    • The document must be presented in English, Portuguese, or Spanish;
    • The test must be carried out in a laboratory recognized by the health authority of the country of departure;
    • In the event of travel to Brazil with connections or stopovers where the traveler remains in a restricted area of the airport, the one–day period refers to one day prior to boarding the first flight of the trip.  However, if the traveler leaves the restricted area of the airport, and it is more than one day after the RT-PCR or antigen test, the traveler must take a new COVID-19 test, RT-PCR or antigen, and present proof of a negative test result prior to boarding a plane to Brazil
    • Note: Travelers who have recovered from COVID-19 in the past 90 days and are now asymptomatic but still test positive can enter Brazil but must present the following to the airline before boarding:
      • Two COVID-19 RT-PCR tests at least 14 days apart, the most recent performed no more than one day before boarding;
      • A medical certificate stating the traveler is asymptomatic and able to travel, including the specific date of travel. The certificate must be in English, Portuguese, or Spanish. 

Exemptions to Brazil’s COVID-19 Entry Requirements
The following travelers are exempt from Brazil’s COVID-19 vaccination and testing requirements: 

  • Children under 12 years old
  • Airline flight crew 
  • Residents living in border towns, designated as twin cities  
  • Certain, limited humanitarian exemptions approved by the Brazilian government 

Quarantine Information:

  • Are U.S. citizens required to quarantine? NO

COVID-19 Testing:

  • Brazil is a very large, diverse country with varying medical resources, both private and public, throughout the country. 
  • In the private healthcare system, there are many labs that perform COVID-19 testing.  Prices vary, but COVID-19 tests typically cost between $20 and $100.  PCR, serology-based antibody tests, and antigen tests are available.  Turn-around time varies widely depending upon location.  Please verify turn-around time with your chosen lab before taking the test.  Express results within 2-4 hours are available in many locations at an increased fee, including in the Guarulhos International Airport in São Paulo and Galeão International Airport in Rio de Janeiro.  Testing is available in the private sector without a doctor’s prescription, but a prescription may be required for insurance payment.
  • In the public healthcare system, each Brazilian state has its own COVID-19 testing plan. We recommend that you contact local/state authorities for more information. Typically, a COVID-19 test is ordered by an emergency room physician and then sent to a public lab.  Turnaround time is much slower and can take up to seven days, but tests are generally free.  Some states do free, drive-through testing, but this tends to be arranged ahead of time via appointment. There is also information on testing sites and procedures available through the official app of the Ministry of Health. 

COVID-19 Vaccine Information:

  • Are vaccines available in Brazil for U.S. citizens to receive? YES, but only after registering with the public Unified Health System (SUS).  
    • The following vaccines are available in Brazil:  AstraZeneca/Oxford (Fiocruz), CoronaVac (Butantan), Janssen (Johnson & Johnson), and Pfizer (BioNTech).
  • For information on local availability of COVID-19 vaccines, please see the Brazilian Ministry of Health’s website and also contact local health authorities. 
  • Visit the FDA’s website to learn more about FDA-authorized vaccines in the United States.

Local Resources:

  • The Ministry of Health has developed a variety of resources to answer COVID-19 related questions, including an app to track symptoms and find a testing site.   
  • Dial 136 to reach the Ministry of Health hotline. Additionally, many states in Brazil maintain their own hotlines and call-centers.  Please refer to the list for state-specific phone numbers

Other links: