COVID-19 Information

Last updated: 06/30/2022 

***As of 12:01 a.m. EDT June 12, 2022, the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) rescinded its order requiring all persons aged two and above to show a negative COVID-19 test result or documentation of recovery from COVID-19 before boarding a flight to the United States.  Starting at 12:01 a.m. EDT on June 12, 2022, the CDC will no longer order air passengers to show a negative COVID-19 test result, or show documentation of recovery from COVID-19, prior to boarding a flight to the United States.  Of note, CDC’s Order requiring proof of vaccination for non-U.S. citizen nonimmigrants to travel to the United States is still in effect.  For more information see Requirement for Proof of COVID-19 Vaccination for Air Passengers.  

Check the CDC website for additional information and Frequently Asked Questions. 

Traveling to the United States with Expired U.S. Passports

  • After June 30, U.S. citizens abroad will no longer be able to use their expired U.S. passport for direct return to the United States. To renew your passport, schedule an appointment for passport services at the U.S. Embassy or Consulates General in Brazil.

Country-Specific Information:

  • On April 18, the U.S. Department of State updated its Travel Advisory for Brazil from Level 4: Do Not Travel due to COVID-19 to Level 2: Exercise Increased Caution due to crime.  Some areas have increased risk. Read the entire Travel Advisory. 
  • Brazil continues to experience high daily case numbers of COVID-19 throughout the country.  Your risk of contracting COVID-19 and developing severe symptoms are lower if you are fully vaccinated with an FDA authorized vaccine. Before planning any international travel, please review the CDC’s specific recommendations for vaccinated and unvaccinated travelers.   
  • Detailed information on Brazil’s entry requirements can be found under “Entry and Exit Requirements for Travel to Brazil.”  
  • U.S. citizens are advised to make contingency plans should they test positive for COVID-19 and be unable to depart Brazil as scheduled.

COVID-19 Testing 

  • Are PCR and/or antigen tests available for U.S. citizens in Brazil? YES 
  • Brazil is a very large, diverse country with varying medical resources, both private and public, throughout the country.  In the private healthcare system, there are many labs that perform COVID-19 testing.  Prices vary, but COVID-19 tests typically cost between $20 and $100.  PCR, serology-based antibody tests, and antigen tests are available. Turn-around time varies widely depending upon location.  Please verify turn-around time with your chosen lab before taking the test. Express results within 2-4 hours are available in many locations at an increased fee, including in the Guarulhos International Airport in Sao Paulo and Galeão International Airport in Rio de Janeiro. Testing is available in the private sector without a doctor’s prescription, but a prescription may be required for insurance payment. 
  • In the public healthcare system, each Brazilian state has its own COVID-19 testing plan. We recommend that you contact local/state authorities for more information. Typically, a COVID-19 test is ordered by an emergency room physician and then sent to a public lab. Turnaround time is much slower and can take up to seven days, but tests are generally free. Some states do free, drive-through testing, but this tends to be arranged ahead of time via appointment. There is also information on testing sites and procedures available through the official app of the Ministry of Health. 

COVID-19 Vaccine Information:

  • Has the government of Brazil approved a COVID-19 vaccine for use? YES.
  • Are vaccines available in Brazil for U.S. citizens to receive? YES, but only after registering with the public Unified Health System (SUS).  
  • Which vaccines are available in Brazil? AstraZeneca/Oxford (Fiocruz)CoronaVac (Butantan), Janssen (Johnson & Johnson), and Pfizer (BioNTech). 
  • For information on local availability of COVID-19 vaccines, please see the Brazilian Ministry of Health’s website and also contact local health authorities. 
  • Visit the FDA’s website to learn more about FDA-authorized vaccines in the United States.
  • The United States Government does not plan to provide COVID-19 vaccinations to private U.S. citizens overseas. Vaccines are available in Brazil. For information on local availability of COVID-19 vaccines, please see the Brazilian Ministry of Health’s website and also contact local health authorities.

Entry and Exit Requirements:

  • Are U.S. citizens permitted to enter Brazil? YES
    • For additional details on current travel restrictions, please review the entire April 1, 2022 Brazilian government announcement of current COVID-19 travel restrictions.
    • While Brazil’s COVID-19 vaccination requirements may change, the CDC recommends that U.S. citizens should not travel internationally until they are fully vaccinated.
  • Is a negative COVID-19 test (PCR and/or antigen) required for entry? YES, but only for those meeting exemptions to COVID-19 vaccination requirements. (See below for details.) 
  • Are health screening procedures in place at airports and other ports of entry? YES
  • The entry of foreign visitors is currently permitted with the following COVID-19 restrictions: 

1. Fully Vaccinated Travelers must present proof of COVID-19 Vaccination as follows: 

  • Before boarding, travelers aged 12 and over must present proof of their vaccination status (electronic or printed) to the airline responsible for their flight.  
  • The vaccine must be approved by the World Health Organization or by relevant health authorities in the country where the vaccine was administered.
  • Proof of vaccination may be in English, Portuguese, or Spanish, and must include the manufacturer’s name, the lot number, and the date of the dose(s). (Proof of vaccination only in QR-code format or other coded language will not be accepted.) 
  • COVID-19 recovery certificates will not be accepted in lieu of proof of full vaccination.
  • To be considered fully vaccinated, the traveler must have received the final dose of the vaccine at least 14 days prior to boarding.
  • Exemptions to the vaccination requirement for foreign travelers include only the following situations, per the April 1 government announcement:  
    1. Brazilian citizens and permanent residents of Brazil;
    2. Those not eligible for vaccination due to age, according to the Brazilian Ministry of Health website;
    3. Those with a health condition that contraindicates vaccination, certified by a medical report accepted by Brazilian authorities;
    4. Those arriving from countries with low vaccination coverage published on the Brazilian Ministry of Health website; or,
    5. Those approved for humanitarian exemption by the Office of the President of Brazil.

2. Unvaccinated Travelers who meet the above COVID-19 vaccination exemptions must present negative COVID-19 Tests Results as follows: 

  • The COVID-19 test must be a laboratory test (RT-PCR) or antigen test for screening for infection by SARS-CoV-2, with a negative/non-reactive result, performed within one day of boarding;
  • The document must be presented in English, Portuguese, or Spanish;
  • The test must be carried out in a laboratory recognized by the health authority of the country of departure;
  • Children under the age of twelve who are traveling with a companion are exempt from presenting a COVID-19 test provided that all companions present the required negative/non-reactive COVID-19 tests. However, children aged two or over and less than twelve years old who are traveling unaccompanied must present proof of the negative/non-reactive COVID-19 test;
  • In the event of travel to Brazil with connections or stopovers where the traveler remains in a restricted area of the airport, the oneday period refers to one day prior to boarding the first flight of the trip.  However, if the traveler leaves the restricted area of the airport, and it is more than one day after the RT-PCR or antigen test, the traveler must take a new COVID-19 test, RT-PCR or antigen, and present proof of a negative test result prior to boarding a plane to Brazil.
  • Note: Travelers who test persistently positive for COVID-19 can enter Brazil but must present the following to the airline before boarding:
    • Two COVID-19 RT-PCR tests at least 14 days apart, the most recent performed no more than one day before boarding;
    • A medical certificate stating the traveler is asymptomatic and able to travel, including the specific date of travel. The certificate must be in English, Portuguese, or Spanish.  

Movement Restrictions:

  • Is a curfew in place?  NO, there is no federally mandated curfew; however, some local jurisdictions may enact movement restrictions which may include vaccination requirements.  U.S. citizens should review local requirements prior to travel and adhere to local laws and regulations at all times, including COVID-19 related restriction orders.
  • Are there restrictions on intercity or interstate travel? NO; however, some local jurisdictions may enact movement restrictions, which may include vaccination requirements. U.S. citizens should review local requirements prior to travel and adhere to local laws and regulations at all times, including COVID-19 related restriction orders.  

Quarantine Information:

  • Are U.S. citizens required to quarantine? NO  

Transportation Options:

  • Are commercial flights operating? YES 
  • Is public transportation operating? YES 
    • Some state and local governments may limit public transportation and its frequency depending on local conditions. 

Fines for Non-Compliance:

  • State and local governments across Brazil may require the use of facial coverings (masks) to combat the spread of COVID-19.  Failure to do so could result in fines or possible arrest.  U.S. citizens should adhere to local laws and regulations at all times, including COVID-19 related mask policies.

Consular Operations:

  • American Citizen Services:
    • The U.S. Embassy and Consulates General in Brazil are providing routine and emergency services. To schedule an appointment, please follow the instructions on this page: https://br.usembassy.gov/u-s-citizen-services/contact-information-working-hours-appointments/
    • All visitors to our offices age two and older may be required to wear a mask due to local COVID-19 conditions.  Any applicant with symptoms such as a cough, sore throat, or fever should reschedule their interview. 
  • Immigrant and Non-Immigrant Visas:
    • The U.S. Embassy and Consulates in Brazil resumed routine nonimmigrant visa appointments on November 8, 2021. For additional information, see travel.state.gov. To schedule your visa appointment, please access the Visa Appointment Service. 
    • The MRV fee is valid and may be used for a visa application in the country where it was purchased until September 30, 2023. If you have an urgent matter and need to travel immediately, please follow the guidance provided on the U.S. Department of State nonimmigrant visa website. 
    • The Immigrant Visa Unit in the U.S. Consulate General in Rio de Janeiro is making every effort to process immigrant visa cases as soon as possible. Please do not contact the Immigrant Visa Unit to inquire about scheduling your interview.  You will receive notice from the National Visa Center (NVC) about the date of your interview.  If you have been advised that your case file has been forwarded to the U.S. Consulate General in Rio de Janeiro, please refer to our website for an overview of the application procedure and begin compiling the necessary supporting documents. You may schedule your medical appointment once you receive your interview date from NVC. Please monitor our website for other updates. 

Local Resources: