Fraud Prevention 

Welcome to the Fraud Prevention Unit. Our principal mission is to safeguard U.S. borders by detecting and stopping fraud in applications for U.S. passports, Consular Reports of Birth Abroad, immigrant visas, and nonimmigrant visas.

The consequences of fraud are serious. If you commit fraud, you will not receive the immigration benefit you are seeking and may also have to pay large fines or be imprisoned. The Fraud Prevention Unit aggressively pursues fraud cases, referring individuals or organizations as appropriate for prosecution under U.S. and/or Brazilian law.

No one can guarantee you a U.S. passport or U.S. visa. Your application will be evaluated only during the moment of the interview by a consular officer. The content of the application is your sole responsibility. The U.S. government or the Applicant Service Center authorized by the U.S. government are the only official sources of information for consular application documents. Third parties may provide incorrect information, therefore protect yourself. Many who pay companies or other vendors for application documents will lose more than they believe they can gain. Don’t fall for these schemes. If you would like to report a fraud tip, please contact us by accessing the Contact Us form.

Fraud perpetrated during the passport or visa application process is punishable under several provisions of U.S. and/or Brazilian law.  Below are some of the potential penalties applicants may face if they attempt to perpetrate fraud as part of a passport or visa application. The language below appears on application documents.

On the DS-11 Application for a U.S. Passport or Registration – (PDF file 102KB) and the DS-82 Application for a U.S. Passport by Mail  – (PDF File 83KB), you will find the following warning:

False statements made knowingly and willfully in passport applications or in affidavits or other supporting documents submitted therewith are punishable by fine and/or imprisonment under provisions of 18 U.S.C. 1001 and/or 18 U.S.C. 1542.  Alteration or mutilation of a passport issued pursuant to this application is punishable by fine and and/or imprisonment under the provisions of 18 U.S.C. 1543.  The use of a passport in violation of the restrictions contained therein or of the passport regulations is punishable by fine and/or imprisonment under 18 U.S.C. 1544.  All statements and documents submitted are subject to verification.

Form I-130 (Petition for Alien Relative) (PDF 1.1MB) contains the following warning:

The Department of Homeland Security investigates claimed relationships and verifies the validity of documents.  The Department of Homeland Security seeks criminal prosecutions when family relationships are falsified to obtain visas.  Penalties:  You may, by law be imprisoned for not more than five years, or fined $250,000, or both, for entering into a marriage contract for the purpose of evading any provision of the immigration laws and you may be fined up to $10,000 or imprisoned up to five years or both, for knowingly and willfully falsifying or concealing a material fact or using any false document in submitting this petition.

Form DS-160 – Nonimmigrant Visa Application contains the following certification that the applicant must sign:

I certify that I have read and understood all the questions set forth in this application and the answers I have furnished on this form are true and correct to the best of my knowledge and belief.  I understand that any false or misleading statement may result in the permanent refusal of a visa or denial of entry into the United States.  I understand that possession of a visa does not automatically entitle the bearer to enter the United States of America upon arrival at a port of entry if he or she is found inadmissible.

If you voluntarily departed from the United States because of a U.S. immigration order and need to prove your return to Brazil, please contact us to schedule an appointment in advance by accessing the accessing the Contact Us form.

Select the nearest Embassy/Consulate location, and then select “Other” as the type of inquiry. Please upload the following documents to the message and bring the same documents to your appointment:

  • The passport you used to travel to/from the United States (if applicable)
  • Form G-146, I-210, or I-392
  • The boarding pass used during your travel to/from the United States
  • All other documents related to your deportation/removal.

The Fraud Prevention Unit, because of the nature of anti-fraud work, is not open to the public. If you have a tip concerning fraud that you wish to share with us, you may contact the Fraud Prevention Unit. Please contact us by accessing the Contact Us form.